Cases of dry skin or xeroderma as it is known in medical terms, are quite common . It is estimated that around the world , there are about 230 million people with this problem. If you are one of them, you will see that it is more common than you thought.
The skin is covered by a protective barrier made up of lipids and water that protect it from dryness and external aggressions.
The sebaceous glands produce the fatty film, sebum, which mixes with the sweat secreted by the sweat glands.
It appears when the skin no longer has adequate levels of hydration . And although the origin is not always clear, there are two factors that are usually very common: a decrease in the skin's natural lipids and damage to the hydration barrier that prevents water retention, causing dryness and loss of the skin's natural shine. .
Fortunately, with a good cosmetic routine , it is possible to reverse the situation.
How to recognize it?
Dry skin is a type of skin in a permanent state of lack of water and lipids .
To the eye , this type of skin is thinner , smoother and more homogeneous , its pores are closed and it usually presents redness . To the touch , it is thinner , tighter and rougher . But the most important thing for those affected is the feeling of tightness and itching , especially after a shower or swimming pool.
Never be confused with dehydrated skin , a temporary and reversible phenomenon. It also causes discomfort, the skin takes on a rougher appearance, sometimes it can even peel off. The difference is that, in this case, the skin only lacks water , not lipids.
Who is affected?
There are times when genetics are to blame for us having this type of skin.
With age, the skin undergoes changes. In childhood it is drier , it becomes more oily in adolescence and with maturity , it becomes much drier , since the sebaceous and sweat glands lose functionality (from the age of 60, they are 40% less active ). This occurs especially in women after menopause .
As we age, the epidermis thins due to a decrease in cell renewal and the stratum corneum thickens (calluses).
To have hydrated and healthy-looking skin, it is essential that you drink at least 1.5 liters daily.
If you find it difficult to drink water, add some slices of lemon, ginger, mint... or drink teas and infusions, ideally without sugar.
Other factors for its appearance
- Abuse of sun exposure.
- Very calcareous water.
- Dry and cold environments.
- Clothes that are too tight that cause rubbing in certain parts of the body.
- Too much hygiene. Hot water and harsh soaps damage the protective film.
- Low consumption of foods rich in essential fatty acids (omega 3 and omega 9) or zinc.
- Hormonal factors: menopause, pregnancy…
- Use of inappropriate cosmetics.
- Certain diseases such as hypothyroidism, diabetes, psoriasis...
- Some alcohol-based topical diuretic medications for prostate disorders.
As long as it is not a medical problem, cosmetics have very effective active ingredients to combat dry skin.
Moisturizing products for dry skin should restore water balance.
Fight the dryness of your skin
When the skin's protective film is disturbed, the skin becomes dry, as water evaporates very quickly. The OhMyKoko Microbiome-boosting Ultra-hydrating serum recreates this protective barrier , allowing the skin to retain its hydration .
It contains active ingredients as effective as:
- Vegetable squalane , an oil with repairing and emollient properties with a powerful ability to penetrate the dermis that make it an essential active ingredient in this formula.
- Probiotics and prebiotics that increase skin defenses by +190% .
- High molecular weight hyaluronic acid: it has a great capacity to retain water, up to x200 times its own weight. This characteristic makes it one of the most powerful moisturizing agents.
- Low molecular weight hyaluronic acid: it has a greater penetration power than high molecular weight HA, fights aging and fills wrinkles.
- Saccharide isomerate , a 100% plant extract that has shown in a clinical trial a 50% reduction power in peeling , itching and tightness in dry skin .